|Bookbinding for Beginners
by Florence O. Bean - Assistant in Manual Arts - Boston Public Schools
Published by School Arts Publishing Company 1914
Before beginning this holder, it may be well to have collections
made of cards relating to a definite subject. Interest in the study
of various industries, history, and geography is greatly increased
by the use of pictures, and in many places sets of cards prepared
for such a purpose may be purchased. This holder consists of an
outside case into which the inner holder slips. (See Plate XXXII.)
The size of the faces may be determined by individual pupils, but,
if the blocks to be described later are used, it will be quite
essential to have a uniform size so that the blocks may be used
interchangeably among the pupils. For this reason, it is
recommended that the broad faces of the outside be about one
inch larger in each direction than a postcard, and the narrow
faces I,;i" wide.
Plan the foundation of a single piece of news board, as wide as
the outside length of the holder, scored to divide it into the four
faces above referred to, and a fifth division the exact size of one
|narrow face. Arrange these faces to be joined at their long
edges with a narrow face on each end of the strip of news
board so that when folded together one narrow face wilt.
be double, which gives greater stability to the shape of the
holder. Plan a strip of vellum 2 inches wider than the length
of the case, and long enough to extend around it, allowing
for a lap at one corner. It will be found in putting on this
vellum that it will require a piece longer than the sum of the
width of the faces as, however closely it may be put on, it
"takes up" at the corners. Therefore be generous with the
lap as a little extra length does no harm.
For the inner holder plan a strip of news board 78"
narrower than the case, scored to divide it into five parts.
Two parts are to be of the same length as the case,
alternating with two narrow faces 78" less than thickness of
the case (that they may fit inside) and the fifth piece about
one half the length of the long faces.
Plan two strips of vellum to cover the narrow faces, and lap
onto the adjoining faces about I". Allow Y2" at each end to
|turn over the edges. For each of the three broad
faces, plan a covering of lining paper which shall allow
an edge of vellum to show at the joints, and shall lap
over the other edges of the news board: Notice that
these three pieces are of three different sizes.
Make dimensioned sketches of all pieces (See
Plate XXXIII) and layout and cut all parts. Along the
folding lines of both news board foundations, score
and fold as explained in connection with the box.
When pasting the vellum onto the outside case, it will
be found of great advantage to have blocks of wood
to work around. If there is a woodworking room in
connection with the school, these blocks may well be
made there. They should be at least the full length of
the case and may project beyond the ends. Their
thickness should be the width of the narrow faces,
and their width may be the same as that of the broad
faces, or narrower. If narrower, the blocks may be
slipped along as the vellum is being rubbed down.
The strip of vellum for covering the outside is so large
that it is difficult for a child to cover it with paste,
before a part of it has dried. It is better, therefore, to
paste a little more than enough for one face at a time,
rub this down, apply paste again, and so on to the
end. By putting the paste a little beyond where it is
needed there is a certainty of leaving no dry areas at
If blocks are to be used, paste together the two
end divisions of the news board, put the block inside,
and paste on the strip of vellum. Place one end of the
vellum flush with one edge of the case, and cover one
broad face first. (See Plate XXXIV.) Before rubbing
down the vellum on the next face, be sure that it is
pulled as closely as possible over the edge, leaving no
wrinkles or loose places. When all the faces have
|been covered, there should remain a margin of vellum to lap onto the face first covered. If this is pasted down very
closely, it will be almost invisible.
If no blocks are available, three faces should be covered before joining the two end pieces of news board, which
should then be covered as one piece. Lay each face as it is being pasted so that one edge is at the edge of the desk
or table, and allow the rest of the case to hang over the side. (See Plate XXXV.) In this way the faces may be easily
covered. Next make a longitudinal cut on the projecting vellum as far as the news board at each corner of the case.
The resulting laps may then be easily pasted down onto the inside of the case.
Over the narrow faces of the inner holder paste the strips of vellum, cut for this purpose. Paste and fold their ends
over the edges of the news board. These ends fit a little better if two slits are made in each at the fold of the news
board. Cover the broad faces with the lining paper, turning and pasting the laps over the edges closely. The corners
should be cut as in the flat objects described in previous articles. This inner part should not be pressed as a flat piece
as this would cause the paper to crack open when folded for use.
If desired, the inside may be lined with white paper, in which case the pieces should be put in separately instead of
in one long strip. This is difficult for any but most skillful workers.
B. A holder of similar construction, but of convenient size to hold note or letter paper makes an excellent filing case.
C. A Scholar's Companion may be made by substituting an open box for the inside.
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